How Is Keratoconus Treated?

The corneas of your eyes have two major tasks as the front and center surface of your eyes. They protect the rest of your eye from dust, debris, and pathogens like germs or viruses. They’re also a light-bending tool, performing up to 75% of the diffraction necessary to focus light on the retina. 

Your cornea is normally shaped like a convex dome and is roughly lens shaped. When you have a condition called keratoconus, this dome bulges in the middle, resembling a cone that gets more pronounced over time without treatment. 

Your vision can become blurred and cloudy, and eyeglasses may no longer provide enough correction for clear vision. You could become increasingly sensitive to sunlight, too. 

The good news is that keratoconus is treatable at all stages. At Accent Vision Specialists, our optometric physicians can evaluate your eyes and recommend a keratoconus treatment plan that’s right for you. 

A mystery condition

The reason why keratoconus develops isn’t known. About 10% of keratoconus patients have a parent with the condition, so there’s a genetic element. 

It’s also connected to certain medical conditions like Down syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Inflammatory conditions such as allergies and asthma may contribute to the breaking down of corneal tissue. 

Excessive eye rubbing can also cause wear on the cornea over time. Though it’s not clear if this can cause keratoconus, it can accelerate the progress of the condition. 

Treating keratoconus

Since keratoconus causes vision changes, treatment is often two-fold, correcting the vision issue as well as addressing the changes to the eye itself. Treatment is further individualized by both the stage of the condition and the speed of progress. 

In the earliest stages of keratoconus, treatment may concentrate on vision correction using eyeglasses or soft contact lenses, particularly if little progression is noted. Progression is revealed by changes in corrective lens prescriptions. 

Contact lenses

Non-standard contact lenses of various designs can help with lens comfort, since the shape of the affected cornea can make wearing contacts uncomfortable. These lens types include: 

The fit of rigid and scleral contacts is important, since these lenses can damage the cornea if they fit poorly. 

UV light therapy

Corneal collagen cross-linking is a new procedure that uses the vitamin B compound riboflavin and UV light to strengthen the surface of the cornea. This treatment doesn’t improve vision, but it can halt the deterioration of corneal shape. 

Surgery

In the most advanced cases, surgeries like corneal transplant may be recommended. 

If you’re managing keratoconus or suffering from its early symptoms, contact our office in Santa Fe, Mexico, for treatment today. It’s never too soon to get a handle on your vision issues. 

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